Signs and symptoms of ulcerative colitis are different, depending on how badly and where inflammation. As a result, categorization of ulcerative colitis symptoms depends on the site. The development of ulcerative colitis varies, with episodes of acute ulcerative colitis often periodic intervals of forgiveness. In the end, the gravity of the disease usually remains the same.
The cause of the symptoms of ulcerative colitis
There is no definite evidence of what causes the symptoms of ulcerative colitis. However, there are some speculations on this subject. Doctors believe that when the digestive system attacked by any class of microorganisms such as viruses, the protected system tries to fight off the invasion. This immune system response may be responsible for causing inflammation of the colon. Autoimmune reactions could cause even the same. Descendants may also play an essential role in delivering the disease families.
Symptoms that appear in ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative colitis can affect different parts of the colon and can depend on the location and severity of the condition. Symptoms of ulcerative colitis can vary.
The first type
According to the affected area, known as ulcerative proctitis. Here, just suffering from rectal inflammation. Symptoms of ulcerative colitis that indicate this condition include rectal bleeding, anal pain and inability to move the abdomen although it has the desire to do.
The next step has known as pancolitis. Here, the entire colon is concerned, thus leading to symptoms like abdominal pain, cramping, fatigue and weight loss.
One of the rare types of ulcerative colitis, which may turn out to be a fatal one, known as fulminant colitis. Even this condition raises the whole colon gives rise to severe diarrhea, dehydration, shock and critical pain. Complications such as bowel syndrome and toxic megacolon can also occur. In some cases, the left side of the colon may be affected, and this known as a left sided colitis. Pain on the left side is clear, and so is the stomach cramps, diarrhea, severe pain and abnormal weight gain. Also, to all the symptoms such as constipation, and fever may also occur.
When it comes to children, the symptoms of ulcerative colitis can include impaired growth due diarrhea caused a lack of vital fluids and nutrients that children need to grow up healthy. Even in adults who lack fluids and nutrients can cause dehydration and anemia even if bleeding is consistent. Some skin rashes and pains in joints can also be symptoms of ulcerative colitis.
Treatment for symptoms of ulcerative colitis
As an incurable condition, treatment put the focus on reducing inflammation, signs, and symptoms mentioned above. Treatment includes the use of anti-inflammatory drugs and surgery. Medications may include sulfasalazine, mesalamine, olsalazine, and corticosteroids. Also, patients may be prescribed to use immune system suppressors and nicotine patches. Also, antibiotics, antidiarrheals, painkillers and iron supplements.
If the use of medications and changes in diet and lifestyle as it can not help in alleviating the symptoms of ulcerative colitis, then the patient may be advised to opt for surgery. This method usually involves removal of the entire colon and rectum. The note said, about 24-39% of people eventually need help from surgery.
Be aware of the main symptoms of ulcerative colitis assistant in taking steps before time, and this helps in preventing the condition deteriorated further. Don’t ignore the symptoms and get yourself diagnosed with time in avoiding severe complications.