Blood cancer started in the tissue that produces blood, resulting in abnormal white cells. This condition does not die like normal blood cells, and swamp the healthy red and white cells and also the platelets, also make it difficult to do their jobs. Abnormal white cells called Leukemia cells and if they keep crowding out healthy cells and platelets causes the sudden death of the sufferer. Then, what is symptoms of blood cancer?
Symptoms of blood cancer
The symptoms can be vague in the early stages of the disease. Such vague symptoms can include fatigue and malaise. Individuals with chronic blood disease may experience excessive fatigue, night sweats, fever, and frequent infections. The affected individual may also lose weight for no apparent reason, and feel pain and fullness below the ribs.
The other chronic symptoms of blood cancer are a loss of appetite, pale skin, and easy bleeding or bruising. Similarly, those with chronic lymphocytic leukemia also can experience fatigue, frequent infections, fever, and weight loss, along with inflammation of the lymph nodes in the neck, groin, abdomen, and armpit.
Symptoms of blood cancer develop slowly and gradually. Over a period, several severe conditions, such as enlargement of the spleen and the liver may develop. Enlargement of the spleen which known as splenomegaly, caused by the accumulation of white blood cells to healthy organs. Splenomegaly is known to cause stomach discomfort, and the feeling of fullness, which can experience after eating food in tiny amounts.
Neutropenia is a disease that can happen because of chronic leukemia. It identified by a deficiency of neutrophils, which can disrupt the body’s ability to fight infection. This situation makes it more susceptible to infections often develop individuals affected. In addition to this, anemia or a lack of red blood cells, dizziness, and bone and joint pain are some of the other symptoms of leukemia.
Risk factors for blood cancer
The primary cause of the blood cancer is still unknown for sure. But, the assumed mutation of DNA in white blood cell causes changes the actions of each cell. Also, other changes in the white blood cells due to genes and environmental factors that also contribute to leukemia predict triggers. Factors that can increase the risk of blood cancers include:
Genealogy or genetics
Sufferers of down syndrome or other genetic disorders that increase the risk of experiencing acute leukemia is rare. Chronic lymphatic leukemia while often conveyed into the family and typically experienced by men. Also, the history of a family who has leukemia can also magnify the risk of suffering the same illness.
Ever encountering cancer therapy
Certain chemotherapy and radiotherapy suspected can trigger cancer of the blood.
Smoking not only increases the risk of cancer of the blood but also a range of other diseases.
However, most people with a high risk of the above did not have leukemia. On the other hand, the people living with leukemia often found in people who otherwise have no risk.
Diagnosis and treatment for symptoms of blood cancer
This blood cancer diagnosed with the help of the inspection, a complete evaluation of symptoms of blood cancer. And some diagnostic tests. Physical analysis of the sufferer often reveals an enlarged spleen. Diagnostic tests used for this cancer is complete blood count tests, bone marrow aspiration, and biopsy.
Other important diagnostic tests are the fluorescence in hybridization, which can check the lymphocyte chromosome abnormalities. Medications commonly prescribed for the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia is Imatinib (Gleevec), Dasatinib (Sprycel) and Nilotinib. On the other hand, medicines like alemtuzumab and rituximab usually used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
A complete cure can provide with transplants bone marrow or blood stem cell transplant. However, there are some risks associated with this treatment, which recommended when all other treatment options fail to provide relief. Another treatment option is biological therapy, in which the immune system is stimulated with the help of certain medicines such as interferon, to control the growth of cancer cells.
The prognosis of this cancer is usually right or positive, as the disease progresses slowly. A key factor is the diagnosis of the condition in its early stages. For this, it is essential to know and identify the symptoms of blood cancer right away. Therefore, this type of unusual fatigue and malaise, persistent, unexplained weight loss, as well as the appearance of puffiness. But painful lymph nodes in the body must not be ignored and immediately reported to the doctor.