There are four main varieties of leukemia: acute myelogenous leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and chronic myelogenous leukemia. Also, the term Lymphocytic indicates cancer types of bone marrow cells, which form lymphocytes. Myeloid leukemia occurs in these types of marrow cells that form red blood cells, some types of white cells, and platelets. Then, how about the signs and symptoms of leukemia?
The signs and symptoms of leukemia
Most of the signs and symptoms of leukemia results from lack of healthy blood cells, which occur when the Leukemic cells crowd out normal blood-making cells in the bone marrow. These deficiencies show up on blood tests, but they can also cause symptoms, including:
Shortness of breath
An infection that does not go away
Common signs and symptoms of leukemia
Patients with all too often have some of the symptoms are non-specific. This can include:
Sweating at night
Loss of appetite
Of course, this is not just a symptom of all and is often caused by something other than leukemia.
1. Enlargement of the lymph nodes
The leukemia cells that have spread to lymph nodes near the surface of the body viewed as a lump under the skin. The lymph nodes in the chest or abdomen can also swell, but it can be detected only with Imaging tests such as a CT Scan or MRI.
2. Bone pain
The leukemia cells grow near the surface of the bone and cause bone or joint pain.
3. Swelling in the abdomen
The leukemia cells can grow in the liver and spleen, causing them to enlarge. Then, this state viewed as the swelling of the stomach or feeling full after eating only a small amount.
4. Spread to other organs
Less often, leukemia cells spread to other organs:
Leukemia cells can reach to the chest cavity, which can lead to breathing problems.
Rarely, leukemia cells can spread to the skin, kidneys, eyes or other organs.
The cause of the signs and symptoms of leukemia
The cause of leukemia is still unexplained. However, specialists understand that several factors may trigger this disease. They are:
Excessive radiation exposure
Workplace exposure to certain chemicals, such as benzene
Treatment for signs and symptoms of leukemia
There are many types of treatment for signs and symptoms of leukemia, especially depending on the variety. Age also plays a factor in medication, and whether or not the Leukemia cells are present in the liquid resulting from spinal tap. The primary therapy is radiotherapy, chemotherapy, biological therapy, stem cell and targeted therapy. As with all cancers, early diagnosis is very important, something that can be very difficult in chronic Leukemia.
We must do exercise to stay fit and healthy so that our bodies continue to do their jobs effectively, but unfortunately there is no guarantee that we will not develop signs and symptoms of leukemia at some stage. Constant research and treatment is constantly trying to improve, but really we can do is hope that none of us developed this cruel disease.