Halon fire suppression system is fire extinguisher which uses gas bases material, electric and volatile nature. Also, there will be no residue when evaporation. Halon fire extinguisher system gas pressed to stop the spread of the fire using chemicals to disrupt the combustion reaction.
The Halon fire suppression system
Halon 1211 (flow of liquid agent) and Halon 1301 (agent with gas phase) recorded leaving no residue. Halon agent not only effective for class B and C but also effectively used for class A. The Halon 1211 and 1301 has the nature of a low toxic, chemically stable and easily recycled.
Halon fire suppression system fire agent is effective, even at low concentrations. Three things which the main requirement for the occurrence of the fire, specifically called the fire triangle. The first is fuel e.g. gasoline, petrol, and diesel. Second is there abundant oxygen, oxygen in the air. The third is the source of flame. Conventionally, to stop the fire, we just need to decide one of the triangle fire mentioned above.
However, another dimension to add to the halon in fire stop by destroying chain reaction. So, Halogen stops the reaction between oxygen, fuel and a source of flame. The main advantage of the use of Halon fire suppression system is his ability to put out without producing residues which can damage tools. Therefore, halon suitable in computer network systems.
In the United States, the use of Halon increasing rapidly in particular in 1980 ‘s, both in the building sector as well as industries. Most of the buildings in Washington DC, install Halon fire suppression system safety to protect specific spaces such as computer room and telecommunications spaces against fire hazard.
Halon fire suppression system banned
At the end of the 20th century, the whole world calling for Halon fire extinguisher system discontinued. This state because based on the research of experts, CFC and Halon fire suppression system dangers in the process of ozone depletion in the stratospheric.
As well as the solvent used in cleaning materials as electronics and machinery industries, currently Halon extinguishing material which effective. These materials potentially diluting the ozone layer or ODS. So, halon fire suppression system must not use anymore. In fact, the potential for damaging the ozone layer Halon 1211 Fire Extinguishers (BCF) is 6 times, and Halon 1301 (BTM) was 10 times greater compared to the CFC.
Halon fire suppression system dangers
Although we know the Halon is the best chemical gas fire extinguisher suitable for fire classes A, B, and C. It was banned in the world because of the damage the ozone layer. Also, it found when exposed to a fire would cause the poison that harmful to humans. These considerations took all nations and agreed to ban the use of halon.
Halon fire suppression system replacement
Banning the use of halon exercised by the rest of the world already and the cessation of production since 1996. Instead, now the fire extinguishers halon users switch to other media that still has the same characteristics and specifications with halon.
One of them is HFC 227 media, this media can replace halon as extinguishing media. Although in terms of price, this media indeed more expensive than dry powder fire extinguisher or foam fire extinguisher. However, in terms of its effectiveness and the results certainly better because of this media does not leave any residue and safe for electronic equipment.