Every year, fires caused by cooking, burning, and electrical fault cause death and injury to humans and damage to property. For this reason, the Government release the fire extinguisher requirements for commercial buildings.
The type of fire extinguisher requirements for commercial buildings
1. Class A extinguishers
Class A extinguishers used to put out the fires that fueled by ordinary combustible materials such as paper, cloth and wood. Fire extinguishers in this category rely on pressurized water to put out the fire.
2. Class B extinguisher
A fire caused by flammable liquids such as petrol, oil, paint, solvents, greases and need class B extinguisher. The main material that used to suppress fires in this category is not flammable gases such as carbon dioxide. It is not recommended to use water to extinguish a fire caused by an inflammable liquid.
3. Class C fire service
Fire class C used to extinguish a fire caused by faulty electrical equipment, broken cable, fuses, and the damaged the power outlet. Since fires were also at high risk of having electricity, water-based fire extinguishers should not use.
4. Class D extinguishers
Class D fire extinguisher fighting fueled by flammable metal powders, flakes, and shavings. This description fits the chemicals found in many laboratories such as potassium and magnesium.
5. Class K extinguishers
To put out fires that involve flammable liquids such as cooking fats and oils, use class K extinguishers. Due to some agent used to suppress the kitchen fires electricity conductive, turn off first the electric. Active agents in this type of fire extinguisher work by interfering with the chemical reaction. To use this fire extinguisher, the purpose of the fire at the source of the drain and press the handle to expel agents of the uncompressed.
The importance of fire extinguisher requirements for commercial buildings
Fire extinguishers can save lives if the holder of a commercial building site and put out the fire during the early stages. Data from the NFPA show that fires in commercial buildings caused many civilian deaths.
Another benefit of installing a fire extinguisher is to prevent injuries related to the fire. USFA statistics show that the level of fire injury Nationwide stood at 54 people per one million Americans.
The third benefit is the prevention of damage to property. NFPA data indicates that fires caused a lot of property damage. As a result, the NFPA recommends each floor of the commercial building has one fire extinguisher installed.
Also, each extinguisher must installed near the emergency exit point. The location that meets this rule include the front and back doors because they tend to accessible.
The importance of fire extinguisher requirements for commercial buildings inspection
Like every other part of the mechanical equipment, extinguishers prone to failure. For this reason, it’s wise to have it checked by a qualified professional once every month. The review process should include:
1. Check the pressure indicator that it is in good working condition.
2. Confirmation of the tamper seal is unbroken.
3. Confirmation of the extinguisher visible and accessible
4. Look for signs of physical damage.
Fire extinguisher requirements for commercial buildings standard code
Portable fire extinguishers installed in the commercial buildings in the USA must follow NFPA 10 standard. This standard consists of guidelines for the selection, installation, inspection, and maintenance.
NFPA 10 also includes guidance in the education and training of people who tend to deal with a fire extinguisher in an emergency. Also, it includes a list of outdated fire extinguishers should not use.