The classification of fire and different types of fire extinguishers need to be known. It because of the danger of fires not only threaten the safety of lives. But also threatens the loss in financial shape. Each building and large vehicles usually set up fire extinguishers that used at any to extinguishing the fire.
Different types of fire extinguishers
Fire accident actually caused by a lot of stuff that usually the result of the less careful accident. Fire can occur due to wood, paper until the chemical fluids. Based on it, different types of fire extinguishers adapted to the classification of fire. Occasionally, each country has a different classification of fires and different types of fire extinguishers.
Therefore, any fire extinguishers always have labels that can assist you in identifying the type of fire and type the appropriate tool to use. The label also presented in the form of pictogram symbols, colors, letters, numbers. Also, symbols of a combination of letters and numbers. Thus, in order for the fire-fighting efforts can run maximum, make it a habit to read. Also, understanding labels on fire extinguishers will be an advance.
Fire Classification and different types of fire extinguishers
Classification of fire divided into six classes. The first class grade labeled specifically for fire resulting from materials that are very flammable like plastic, wood, cardboard, and paper. While the second class or Grade B is a class a fire involving a liquid material or flammable liquid which is very good in sparking the fire. The liquid materials included in it is a kind of fuel such as gasoline to kerosene.
While class C which becomes the third fire classification includes the fire due to flammable gases. The gas included in this type are methane gas, and propane gas and butane gas. While for the flames caused by the Metal easy to burn such as sodium and potassium, as well as a type of titanium to magnesium classified into class D.
The fifth class different from the previous four classes. However, in other regions such as countries in Europe, the fires in the kitchen usually classified in sixth grade with a label of the letter K. While the fifth grade labeled with Class E which includes the fire due to electricity.
Understand the classification of fires and different types of fire extinguishers
In addition to a classification based on materials triggers fire, Usually the type of fire extinguishers labeled with a pair of symbols, namely in the form of one number and one letter.
The numbers here means the size of the fire still extinguished by the type of such firefighting tools. The larger the size of the number specified on the label, then the ability to extinguish on the proportional tool. While the letter that in the label defines the classification of fire extinguished. The key corresponding to the letter grade fire divided based on material triggers.
However, there are also fire extinguishers capable of putting out fires for two types of fire classes and two types of fire size at once. The type of fire extinguishers contains two pairs of letters and numbers. For example, a label showing the code form/21A 113B. Type extinguishers referred with Multi-Purpose fire extinguishers.
Fire extinguishers latter acquired by type and color to a pictogram symbol was carved related materials that match the capabilities of the tool. Also, the type of fire extinguishers classified based on the type of content in the tool. Based on the type of contents, fire extinguishers distinguished into six types.
Different types of fire extinguishers and their uses
1. Water fire extinguisher.
Fire extinguishers containing water commonly referred to Water Fire Extinguisher that used to put out the fire with fire classification class A. Water fire extinguisher usually have the body tube with a solid red color.
2. Fire extinguishers type Dry Powder
This type of tool filled with a dry powder that plays very good in putting out a fire with class A, class B, or class C. If due to an error related to electricity, fire extinguishers type Dry Powder can also be used. The body of the tube type Dry Powder given a red color with a fitted blue panel located above the column usage instructions.
3. Foam Fire Extinguisher
This type contains a special foam that used to extinguish the flames that belong to the class A and B fires. The tube tool given the red color with equipped panel above the column usage instructions are cream colored.
4. Carbon dioxide fire extinguisher as special different types of fire extinguishers
It contains carbon dioxide gas that can put out the fire triggered by electrical tools and used to fire with class B. Hallmark the shape of the fire extinguishers nozzle located on the side of having a form that is similar to the Horn. On the tools that designed larger, distinctive horns seen on the hose. It was the bright red color on the body of the tube and equipped with black-colored panels that same as other types of fire extinguishers.
5. Metal Fire Extinguisher
It designed just for class D fire extinguishers. This type given a red color that has a blue panel at the top of the column instructions on how the operation.
6. Wet Chemical fire extinguishers, the last different types of fire extinguishers
It designed as a specialist fire class F or a fire in the kitchen space due to cooking oil. This type of fire extinguishers contains some sort of a solution of liquid chemicals. It capable either to stop the reaction of fats or cooking oil to fire. The body tube has the same color as the other fire extinguishers. The only panel right above the operating instructions column given the color yellow.
After we know the explanation of the classification of fires and different types of fire extinguishers above. We hope you can understand the functions of the fire extinguishers in accordance with the requirements.