Colon cancer also introduced as colorectal cancer, started in the glands in the lining of the colon or the large intestine; or in the rectum, which is the end of the large intestine. It spread over five stages, from stage 0 is the first, and stage 4 is the last. The Colon cancer stage 4 symptoms need more attention, and follow-up treatment. Which consists of therapies and medications. Then, this cancer spreads very slowly and gradually. It sets as a benign polyp, which slowly grows cancerous growth.
Causes of cancer may be the consumption of red meat excess, colorectal polyps, Crohn’s disease, breast cancer in the family history. This condition can also cause if the other organs of the body have affected by cancer. Colon cancer stage 4 symptoms including stool with blood, anemia, pain in the lower abdomen, constipation, diarrhea, or unexplained weight loss.
Colon cancer stage 4 symptoms
The Colon cancer stage 4 symptoms are the most critical juncture. The prognosis depends on how much of the colon is affected, parts of the body are affected by cancer, etc. Often, the disease spread to the liver or lungs. Tumor size may vary. Lymph nodes may not always affected with the disease. The survival rate depends on the proliferation of the disease. At the same time, the affected organs also have a role in determining life prospect.
The first action in therapy for stage 4 cancer is surgery part of the colon affected by cancer. Then, the chemotherapy and radiation therapy will follow the procedure. However, the decision made dependent on; the lymph nodes affected with cancer. The survival rate estimated to be 8 to 15% for about five years.
Prognosis of colon cancer stage 4 symptoms is the worst of all stages. Life prospect decreases if the illness has spread to other parts of the body, and also when the lymph nodes affected.
Treatment for colon cancer stage 4 symptoms
In stage 4, chemotherapy used to improve symptoms and prolong the patient’s life. Also, the treatment consists of chemotherapy can given through a vein (IV), shot, pill, or injection. Radiation therapy may also granted while giving chemotherapy. The cycle of chemotherapy varies from one day to a week, or more. There is a rest period, a few weeks or months, between each cycle. In chemotherapy, prolonged catheter lodged into the veins near the heart.
The negative consequences of chemotherapy may include injury to the healthy cells along with the cancer cells. This condition can result in pain due to nerve damage, loss of appetite, weight loss, diarrhea, vomiting, excess bleeding and susceptibility to infection. Besides, this side effect depends mainly on the type of cancer and medications given.
After cancer therapy, there is the possibility that it might withdraw. After a five-year interval, if cancer does not recede, the person said to have completely healed.