According to the consensus of the industry, almost 20% of the market using the carbon dioxide fire extinguisher. It turns out that this compound already used extensively over the years in the industrialized world. In fact, in 1920 until 1960, only carbon dioxide gas that used as the extinguishing agent. Then, beginning in 1960, began to be known as halon extinguishing agents in addition to carbon dioxide.
The advantages of carbon dioxide fire extinguisher
Carbon dioxide fire extinguisher application to put out a fire caused by an inflammable fluid, electrical and cellulose materials. An extinguisher with carbon dioxide used in almost all fields. Internationally used in the engine room, part of the cargo, and area of liquid storage inside the ship. Also, aluminum and steel industries, as well as a computer room, also use carbon dioxide fire extinguisher.
The selection of carbon dioxide extinguishing agents based on attributes that are not flammable. Also, not reactive with other substances, and does not produce compounds decomposition as a residue. The gas also has its own air pressure which causes no need additional air pressure in its use.
Application outage dominated by the thermophysical mechanism. It prevents the reaction gas reaching temperatures high enough to maintain the population of the free radicals. This also lowers the concentration of gases from the kind of reaction that occurs in the flame.
Warning for carbon dioxide agents
Although this type of fire extinguisher has extensive benefits and usage. However, carbon dioxide is the chemical compound which can endanger safety if not used properly. Based on the concentration of carbon dioxide used in the fire service, the following result that can be posed to health:
1) On the concentration of minimum design, 34% Carbon dioxide used as a fire suppressant, the compound can be deadly.
2) Concentration above 17%, causing loose control, loss of consciousness, seizures, coma, and death that occurs in 1-minute inhalation
3) Concentration between 10-15% lead to loss of consciousness, drowsiness, muscle twitch, and dizziness in a while
4) Concentrations of 7-10% lead to loss of consciousness, dizziness, headaches, eyesight and hearing dysfunction, depression, tightness, and sweating
5) A concentration between 4-7% cause headaches, eyesight, blood pressure rises, shortness of breath, depression, and tremors.
6) Concentrations below 4% causing dilation of blood vessels of the brain, increase in pulmonary ventilation and increased delivery of oxygen in the tissues of the body. The range of concentrations of carbon dioxide can be helpful in counteracting the effects of lack of oxygen.
If you want to use the system-based carbon dioxide fire extinguisher. You should know how to get the approval of the system. It starting from a list of manufacturing through organizations such as the factory which deals in the United States.
Carbon dioxide fire extinguisher installation
Part of the process of listing is the development of instruction and maintenance manual. It includes a description of the full operation of the system together with the system image. As for the specification under the supervision of experienced people with the advice of the AHJ. Then, the design will be presented to the AHJ prior to installation.
Carbon dioxide fire extinguisher system installation usually performed by a representative of the manufacturer or distributor. Although the installer did not have official certification. They’ve been trained by the manufacturer in the proper installation of system components. Then, the carbon dioxide fire extinguisher examined and tested to meet the requirements of the AHJ. As for its requirements include:
a) performance of the test in full discharge of the entire quantity of design through the pipe and then getting into the area of the incident. Required an inspection to verify that the design concentration achieved and maintained for a specified time
(B) operational inspection for all the tools you need
(C) examination for the appropriate label on the device and the area warning residents of the possible occurrence of a spread of carbon dioxide. Also, the signal must be present to warn personnel to clear the area when the alarm on.
(D) inspection system and complete hazard areas to ensure that the system meets the specifications and appropriate for the type of fire hazard
Once you know the use of a carbon dioxide fire extinguisher system. Please do not hesitate to immediately use this extinguisher in order to protect your home or business from the disaster that nobody expected.